Some months ago, i saw this 2min intro of James Burke's - The Day the Universe Changed, and i simply couldn't forget this sentence:
"You see what your knowledge tells you you're seeing"
Later i came across Dan Everett's work about the brazilian tribe Pirahã. I advice you reading this article from Spiegel - Living without Numbers or Time. Here's a short sample:
"...His findings have brought new life to a controversial theory by linguist Benjamin Whorf, who died in 1941. Under Whorf's theory, people are only capable of constructing thoughts for which they possess actual words. In other words: Because they have no words for numbers, they can't even begin to understand the concept of numbers and arithmetic..."
Hm..., maybe some brain theory can help us out? Check this TED video, Jeff Hawkins: Brain science is about to fundamentally change computing. Where he suggests that "the brain is more like a memory system that records everything we experience and helps us predict, intelligently, what will happen next."
Another some-way-related article is V.S. Ramachandran's - The neurology of self-awareness.
Ok. I'm no brain biologist-psychologist researcher, but like you, i do have one and would like to know how it works...
What do you think about this? Do you know some other related articles or videos? Use the comment below to help me/us out.